DEFT was set up to pilot a new way of communicating diabetes information and services to older people from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BME) communities in Glasgow, supporting them to understand the condition better and manage diabetes confidently, enjoying a better quality of life with fewer diabetes complications, and living healthier for longer. Over 17 months, staff and volunteers helped participants understand the risks of developing Type 2 diabetes and related complications, and supporting them to deal with the daily responsibilities of self-management. Data shows 92% of participants set themselves healthy goals and 85% took steps towards reaching them. Groups are sustaining healthy activities by linking with local services and providing peer support to one another.
It is estimated 23,000 people with Type 2 diabetes in the Glasgow city area are over the age of 65. By the age of 80, twice as many British South Asian, Black African and African Caribbean men and women develop diabetes compared with Europeans of the same age. BME groups can experience greater problems in accessing good quality, culturally sensitive information and services which compound their vulnerabilities, making them more at risk of experiencing the effects of health inequalities.
To get 90 older people from BME communities with Type 2 diabetes, or at risk of developing it, to: have increased confidence to look after their own health, making simple changes to their lives; increase their independence by learning to use the internet to access local resources; and to reduce stress and anxiety about diabetes, due to an improved support network around them.
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